The gaming business has seen a significant spike in popularity and exponential development in recent years, with millions of gamers engaging in various types of games. Esports and professional gaming have risen in India thanks to organised contests, leagues, and tournaments. With the growth of smartphones and internet connectivity, online gaming is gaining a wide audience. Furthermore, by choosing gaming as a realistic career choice and pursuing their interest and passion, many Indian gamers are achieving international notoriety and earning huge amounts. However, in India, gaming confronts obstacles such as regulatory constraints, addiction, health concerns, and societal stigmas. Despite these obstacles, gaming continues to grow in India, providing millions of people with a venue for creative expression, social engagement, and economic opportunities.


The rising popularity of online gaming

During the COVID-19 lockdown, people turned to Internet gaming in increased numbers for enjoyment. Furthermore, the availability of high-speed Internet, greater smartphone penetration, an increase in the usage of digital payments, and technologically savvy youth have all contributed considerably to the rise in the number of people playing online games in India.

The expansion of the online gaming market in India corresponds with rising worries about the potential for games to promote addiction, financial fraud, and the impact of differing state legislation on commercial activities. Furthermore, tax authorities believe that Internet gambling corporations have evaded paying a significant amount of taxes in recent years.

In addition to delivering entertainment and thrills, the thriving multibillion-dollar gaming business may boost the economy. Online gaming is becoming a way to meet new people, build community and find meaningful work.


Advantages of online gaming

  • significant taxable earning- the government stands to profit signicantly from gaming taxes, and with improved legislation, it may seize control of massive, reported industry. such a windfall might transform India's economy, and the government could easily put those funds to good use across the board.
  • In India, online gambling is subject to 2 distinct GST rates. Games of chance betting and gambling are                 subject to a 28% GST, whereas games of skill excluding betting and gambling are subject to an 18% GST.
  • Creating jobs- Because of the large number of game available, a significant industry has emerged to support the expansion of the online gaming infrastructure. game developers, payment solution provider, smartphone manufactures, and network serivce providers are included. AS a result, more work possibilities may be created, lowering the unemployment rate.
  • Income from subscriptions- With the advent of 5G and cloud-based gaming, which are complementary to such models, subscription-based models may gain market share in the mobile-based casual gaming sector globally and in India. The revenue stream from a good subscription model is more consistent than that from advertising.


Disadvantages of online gaming

  • Cost- Some online games also need players to have online accounts, which usually come with a monthly cost. In-game purchases are also available, allowing players to enhance their components for a price. The most expensive aspect of online gaming is the expense of internet access. The Internet Service Provider (ISP) may levy high data rates based on the amount of time the user spends gaming.
  • Security- When enjoying online games, there will always be a possibility of hacking. Players provide data in online gaming for a variety of reasons. If a hacker is able to obtain this information, they may use it for criminal purposes. As a consequence, the player’s reputation might be shattered in a matter of seconds.
  • Addiction- Long periods of time spent playing online games lead to addiction. Some gamers are also devoted that they have forgotten about their everyday obligations. Many people are having to deal with online gaming addiction. Games might reduce the amount of time spent gaming by placing work first.
  • Cyberbullying- No matter how established an online platform is, there are numerous people all around the world that attempt to exploit internet users. Cyberbullying is one manner in which these individuals will profit. It is a common technique for distracting players. Cyberbullying frequently targets minors. Furthermore, in the guise of gambling, gamers may be defrauded out of their money.


New Regulations for online gaming in India

The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (“MEITY”) on 6th April 2023, notified the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Amendment Rules, 2023 to create a new co-regulatory framework for Online Gaming Intermediaries (“OGI”). These changes will be known as “gaming amendments.”

These guidelines attempt to compel online gaming platforms and social media intermediaries to exercise greater caution when it comes to online games and false information. The following are the key aspects of these new rules:

  1. The new guidelines describe an ‘online game as “a game that is offered or available on the internet and is accessible to a user through an intermediary or any computer resources”. An “online gaming intermediary” is someone who offers one or more online games (through the Internet).
  2. The Ministry may designate as many online gaming self-regulatory bodies as it may consider necessary for the purposes of verifying an online real money game as a permissible online real money game under these rules.
  3. SROs will declare the permissibility of online gaming. It will focus on whether the game incorporates wagers and will operate as scrutinizing online real money games, stating that it shall not feature gambling on any outcome.
  4. The rules enable an aggrieved user to have an option to appeal before the Grievance Appellate Committee (GAC) against the decision of the Grievance Officer of the online gaming intermediary concerned in case the above specified disclosures under the rules are not conveyed to the users by such online gaming intermediary.
  5. Self-regulatory body shall publish and maintain on its website, mobile based application or both, at all times, an updated list of all its members, whether present or former, the dates of their acceptance as member, their corporate or business-related identity number and other details, and the details of suspension or revocation of membership of any member..
  6. Banned games: New sets of updated regulations will pass the permissibility of online games on a basic premise, regardless of whether it includes betting or gambling in any way. Other types of games are permitted.



The gaming business in India has grown rapidly in recent years, owing to a mix of reasons such as rising disposable income, technological improvements, and changing lifestyles. The exact definition of real money and acceptable games will genuinely aid this industry's development while also creating new career and economic prospects. The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology’s release of new guidelines for online real money games offers the government's finest regulatory framework, including all required safeguards for players and the Internet public as a whole.


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