Organic is when the product is not produced with any chemicals and it should be produced with natural elements and natural ingredients. It also refers to food grown without chemicals or pesticides. The farming without using any chemical fertilisers is organic farming. The products which are produced naturally without any chemical ingredients are called organic products. The food which is produced in organic farming is called organic foods. The clothes which are produced with organic fibre and organic cotton are called organic clothes. Organic products reduce toxicity in the human body and also in the environment. The food grown organically are rich in nutrients, such as Vitamin C, iron, magnesium, and phosphorus and there are less pesticides in organically grown fruits, vegetables, and grains. Organic milk has more heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids compared to milk from cows raised on conventionally managed dairy farms. Due to lack of confidence and genuineness about products paved the way for the regulations of organic products. The regulations should be strict because the business operators mark their products organic while it contains non organic ingredients. So the product should get the licence and the label should be on the products. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India(FSSAI) has the provisions to regulate manufacture, distribute, sell or import “organic foods” as per the provisions laid under Section 22 of the Food Safety Standards Act, 2006. These regulations are imposed for the protection of farmers and aims to increase their income and it provides two types of certificate, the Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) implemented by Ministry of Commerce and Industry. If the Business Operators are not complying with the FSS Act, Rules and Regulations are liable for offences and penalties provided under Section 48 and 49 of the FSS Act. The manufacturers with an annual turnover of less than ₹12 Lakhs per annum and/or a production capacity of non-milk and non-meat products at less than 100 kgs or 100 litres per day, all food businesses need a licence from the FSSAI. To surpass the aforementioned criteria, not only are you required to apply for the FSSAI licence, but you’re also additionally required to comply with the Food Safety and Standards (Organic Foods) Regulations, 2017. If the farmers want to export their goods PGS-India is a local Quality Assurance initiative which certifies farmers in a local group through a peer-appraisal process. The organics food processing and handling should be packed with certain criteria to ensure biodegradable, recyclable, reusable systems and eco-friendly. It should not contaminate the food, Should resist manipulation. The proper labelling should be there for the identification of the products and it should describe the procedure of organic farming, it should mention the year of the manufactured product, it must mention the name and address, the list of processing procedures, it must declare all components of additives and processing aid, must depict the name and logo of the accredited Certification Body, accreditation number and India Organic Logo. These are the regulations followed by the organic business operators in India.
March 14, 2022