In our Country, child labour is practiced in various forms. It is both surprising and saddening that it is the parents or the guardians of the child that encourage such practices, some out of need and some out of greed.
Who is a Child?The definition of Child” in the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 is a person who has not completed the age of fourteen years.
Child labourA child is by will or forcibly utilized to work in the brutal conditions and environment which turns into a danger to their life. But according to the law, no child who is below the age of fourteen shall be utilized for any kind of employment or should be allowed to work in any establishment or process. Employing kids below the age of 14 years for any sort of work, other than in certain family-based work, is a cognizable offense and will draw in a prison term of up to 2 years. Teenagers between the age of 14 – 18 years can’t be utilized in any dangerous occupation.
Hazardous EmploymentChild labour that involves a child to perform is his work in an extremely dangerous, hazardous, unfavorable, and unhealthy condition which can be extremely detrimental to the life and health of the child, and which leads to any serious injuries is considered as ‘Hazardous Employment’ Examples of hazardous employment are-
- Any labour that has a high possibility of causing spills or trips. For example, if the establishment has cords running across the floor or ice and likely to cause a fall if not careful is a hazardous environment.
- Anything that can cause falls like working from high statures, including stepping stools, frameworks, rooftops, or any raised work territory.
- Unguarded hardware and moving apparatus parts or any machinery that a labourer can accidentally come in contact with and thereby cause an injury.
- Places that have electrical risks like frayed strings, missing ground pins, inappropriate wiring.
- The time of work on every day ought to be fixed in a way that no period or work would surpass three hours.
- The young adult should have a span for rest, one hour subsequent to working for three hours.
- The complete time spent working by a juvenile can’t surpass 6 hours in a day, incorporating the time spent in sitting tight for work.
- An adolescent can’t be utilized during the long stretches of 7 PM to 8 AM.
- There shall be no overtime for an adolescent
- The employer has to make sure that the adolescent is not employed in any other establishment while he is working with his establishment.